The links on this page are offered as potential resources for health professionals involved in the detection and diagnosis of breast and cervical cancer. While every care has been taken in their selection, QAP makes no claims as to the validity, quality, or viability of their content.
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to Reduce Cancer Health Disparities (CRCHD)
Established in March 2001, the National Cancer Institute's Center to Reduce Cancer Health Disparities is central to NCI's efforts to reduce the unequal burden of cancer in our society. Visit the CRCHD website for information on professional meetings and events, programs, research funding opportunities, and more.
Cancer Council (ICC)
ICC promotes policies, programs, partnerships, and research to eliminate the unequal burden of cancer among racial and ethnic minorities and medically underserved populations in the United States and its associated territories. Users can stay informed with the ICC News Stream.
Breast Cancer Coalition (NBCC)
Committed to ending breast cancer, NBCC and its sister organization, the National Breast Cancer Coalition Fund, work to educate and train individuals to be effective activists and to influence the public policies that affect breast cancer research and treatment.
Office on Women's Health
This office within the US Department of Health and Human Serves (HHS) works to redress the inequities in research, health care services, and education that have placed the health of women at risk; coordinates women's health research, health care services, policy, and public and health care professional education across the agencies of the HHS; and, collaborates with other government organizations, as well as consumer and health care professional groups.
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Affordable Care Act
American Cancer Society (ACS)
The ACS website provides informative content about recent health reform legislation and its impact on people with cancer. Type "affordable care act" in the website's search engine (from any website page) to locate materials. The Society's publication entitled "The Affordable Care Act: How It Helps People with Cancer and Their Families" can be printed and shared with patients. Six Ways the Affordable Health Care Act is Helping Cancer Patients summarizes six provisions of the law that improve the health care system for people touched by cancer.
American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network (ACS CAN)
ACS CAN is the nonprofit, nonpartisan advocacy affiliate of the American Cancer Society. A comprehensive listing of resources, including ACS CAN Fact Sheets and Background Papers, provide highlights of the Affordable Care Act's impact on many aspects of cancer screening and care. Visit the website's Media Center for related articles published in national newspapers.
Health Care Reform and Women's Insurance Coverage...
This article provides estimates on the number of low-income women who gain coverage with the implementation of the Affordable Care Act as well as the number and characteristics of women who will continue to need National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program (NBCCEDP) services.
HealthCare.gov serves as the official government internet resource for news and information about the health care reform law. Consumers can find insurance options, compare care providers, and learn about the law's new protections and provisions. For clinicians, there are materials that describe ways in which they and their practices are affected by the law.
Health Reform Source
Kaiser Family Foundation has launched this website to explain, analyze and track the implementation of the Affordable Care Act. Visitors will find a wide range of content, from basic information to detailed research and analysis. The site features a brief animated movie, Health Reform Hits Main Street, designed to explain the new law to the American public. For an excellent overview of the new law's provisions, see Summary of the Affordable Care Act.
Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)
HRSA, an agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, is the primary Federal agency for improving access to health care services for people who are uninsured, isolated, or medically vulnerable. Type "affordable care act" in the website's search engine (from any website page) to locate materials. Learn how the Affordable Care Act expands prevention coverage for women’s health and well-being. Read how the Act expands the future primary care workforce and the use of health information technology toward an improved health system.
U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO)
The GPO provides publishing and dissemination services for the official and authentic government publications to Congress, Federal agencies, Federal depository libraries, and the American public. The full-text version (PDF) of the Affordable Health Care Law is available on GPO’s website.
Printed copies can be purchased through GPO’s bookstore.
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California Health Benefit Exchange
The mission of the California Health Benefit Exchange is to increase the number of insured Californians, improve health care quality, lower costs, and reduce health disparities through an innovative, competitive marketplace that empowers consumers to choose the health plan and the providers that give them the best value. The Exchange is part of California's effort to meet the national health care reform law.
Covered California Certified Enrollment Entity Application
Covered California is recruiting entities and organizations that serve Covered California target populations to apply as Certified Enrollment Entities (CEE). Entities provide in-person assistance to consumers and help them apply for Covered California Health Plans. Visit the CEE website to learn the steps to becoming a Certified Enrollment Entity.
Low Income Health Program (LIHP)
The Low Income Health Program (LIHP) was established by the California Department of Health Care Services (DHCS) to help California prepare for health care reform. It is an optional, county program that expands primary medical coverage to certain uninsured childless adults with very low income levels.
Medi-Cal and Covered CA: An Introduction for Legislative Staff (Video) Produced by the California Department of Health Care Services and Covered California, this video is a quick review course on Covered California for legislative staff. The 30 minute presentation explains the expansion of Medi-Cal and gives detailed information about the various premium options purchased through Covered California, the marketplace for affordable, quality, health care insurance, including Medi-Cal. It is designed for helping legislative staff assist their constituents with gaining the most from the Affordable Care Act.
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Article Search and Retrieval
Topic Searches (NCI)
Citations and abstracts on the topics of NCI-breast and NCI-cervical cancer are provided by
the National Cancer Institute (NCI), the Federal
principal agency for cancer research.
CDC Stacks is a free, digital repository of publications produced by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) based on scientific research. CDC Stacks is composed of curated collections of full-text peer reviewed articles, guidelines and recommendations, and many more documents on a broad range of public health topics. The documents are available for public health professionals, researchers, as well as the general public. Search the collections for a specific topic or browse documents by author.
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC)
ERIC is an online digital library sponsored by the Institute of Education Sciences of the U.S. Department of Education. It provides unlimited access to more than 1.4 million bibliographic records of journal articles and other education-related materials, with hundreds of new records added twice weekly.
MedlinePlus brings together authoritative information
from the U.S. National Library of Medicine, the National
Institutes of Health (NIH), and other government
agencies and health-related organizations. Preformulated
MEDLINE searches are included in MedlinePlus and
give easy access to medical journal articles. MedlinePlus
also has extensive information about drugs, an illustrated
medical encyclopedia, interactive patient tutorials,
and latest health news.
National Library of Medicine
The National Library of Medicine (NLM) is a part of the National Institutes of Health, US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The Library's main portal for consumer health information is MedlinePlus®, available in both English and Spanish (MedlinePlus en español).
Special sections of the website are provided for Health Care Professionals and Researchers.
PubMed comprises more than 24 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
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Articles, Books, Papers and
CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians
This peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society
provides cancer care professionals with up-to-date information on
diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Online access to all journal
content is free. No subscription required.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - Publications Online
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is a leader in nationwide efforts to ease the burden of cancer. Through the Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, CDC works with national cancer organizations, state health agencies, and other key groups to develop, implement, and promote effective strategies for preventing and controlling cancer. Visit the CDC website for CDCbreast and CDCcervical cancer publications available online.
National Academies Press (NAP)
The NAP was created by the National Academies
to publish the reports issued by the National
of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering,
the Institute of Medicine, and the National Research
Council. The NAP publishes more than 200 books
a year on a wide range of topics, including breast
cancer. Many of these books can be downloaded
for free by the chapter or the entire book, while
others are available for purchase.
Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC)
The NGC is
an initiative of the Agency for Healthcare Research
and Quality (AHRQ), U.S. Department
of Health and Human Services. The NGC website
provides a comprehensive database of evidence-based
clinical practice guidelines and related documents.
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American College of Radiology (ACR)
As the principal organization of radiologists, radiation oncologists, and clinical medical physicists in the US, ACR has developed resources for physicians on breast density. For assistance with notification, please see ACR Offers Resources to Physicians on Breast Density Notification. Included are links to the ACR's position statement on breast density reporting, as well as the College’s BI-RADS — Mammography lexicon which describes four categories of breast parenchymal density. In other sections of the website, study findings are reported that reinforce the need for regular mammograms for women with dense breast tissue, and Shedding Light on Breast Density discusses the implications of breast density legislation. Additional resources can be found by typing "breast density" in the search window from any page of the ACR website.
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BreastDensity.Info was created in response to California's new breast density legislation (SB1538). Frequently asked questions about breast density, scenarios for clinicians, breast cancer risk assessment, and the breast density notification law are addressed by the California Breast Density Information Group (CBDIG), a working group of breast radiologists and breast cancer specialists, representing academic and community-based practices across the state. See also the one-page Guide for Clinicians with Patients Who Have Dense Breasts (PDF), prepared by CBDIG.
California Radiological Society (CRS)
Learn more about California's breast density notification law from leading radiologists in the field. A CRS webinar entitled "Implications and Practical Concerns for Radiologists Regarding the Breast Density Law" is available on demand at the CRS website. (Registration required.)
California Technology Assessment Forum (CTAF)
CTAF has produced a new Technology Assessment Report, Action Guide, and Patient Aids in English and Spanish on supplemental cancer screening for women with dense breasts. Visit the Reports section of the CTAF website to download these materials.
Visit the Stanford Hospital website Dense Breast section for information about breast density and what it means for patients with dense breasts.
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California Health Care
Department of Health Care Services
California’s Department of Health Care Services’ (DHCS) works closely with health care professionals, county governments, and health plans to provide a health care safety net for California’s low-income population and persons with disabilities. DHCS administers Every Woman Counts (EWC) - a cancer detection program that provides California's medically underserved women access to high quality screening and diagnostic services for breast and cervical cancer.
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Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)
An affiliate of
the World Health Organization, IARC's mission
is to coordinate and conduct research
of human cancer, the mechanisms of carcinogenesis,
and to develop scientific strategies for cancer
control. As well as information about group
projects and protocols, health care providers can
gain online access to a variety of informative materials about IARCbreast and IARCcervical cancer.
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Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium (BCSC)
The Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium (BCSC) is a research resource for studies designed to assess the delivery and quality of breast cancer screening and related patient outcomes in the United States. The BCSC is a collaborative network of seven mammography registries with linkages to tumor and/or pathology registries. Currently, the Consortium's database contains information on 2.3 million women and 9.5 millions mammograms.
The database includes over 180,000 biopsies and 113,000 breast cancer cases, including 19,000 cases of DCIS.
Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T.
The Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T. portal provides access to data and resources that can help planners, program staff, and researchers design, implement and evaluate evidence-based cancer control programs. Visit this portal to connect to State Cancer Profiles or access interventions and materials from the Research-tested Intervention Programs database. Sign up for Research to Reality - an interactive forum linking cancer researchers and practitioners as they ask questions; discuss ideas and solutions; share useful resources and tools; and participate in cyber-seminars and other events. All content is maintained by the Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences at the National Cancer Institute.
Cancer Institute (NCI) Cancer Dx Program - Breast Tissue Microarrays
The CDP offers breast cancer tissue microarrays (TMAs) for investigations of marker prevalence associated with progression or prognosis of disease.
Cancer Institute (NCI) Surveillance, Epidemiology
and End Results (SEER)
This NCI program collects and publishes cancer incidence and survival
data from 14 population-based cancer registries and 3 supplemental
registries, covering approximately 26% of the US population. Visit
the SEER website for cancer incidence, mortality, and survival data,
of databases related to breast and cervix
Program of Cancer Registries
Data collected by state cancer registries enable public health professionals
to understand and address the cancer burden more effectively. Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention (CDC) provides support for states and territories to maintain registries
that provide high-quality data.
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California Breast Cancer Research Program
This program's mission is to reduce the impact of breast cancer in California by supporting research on breast cancer and facilitating the dissemination of research findings and their translation into public health practice.
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ClinicalTrials.gov provides regularly updated information about federally and
privately supported clinical trials, including information about a trial's
purpose, who may participate, locations, and phone numbers for more details.
The information provided on ClinicalTrials.gov should be used in conjunction
with advice from health care professionals.
Cancer Institute (NCI) - Search
for Clinical Trials
The NCI provides this comprehensive internet
resource on cancer clinical trials, including
those sponsored by the NCI, the
groups. This link will take you to the clinical trials search
engine where you may specify breast or cervical cancer and the specific area
of inquiry (e.g. treatment, prevention, diagnostic, screening, etc.).
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Comprehensive Information and Services
Cancer Society (ACS)
The ACS is the nationwide, community-based voluntary
health organization dedicated to eliminating cancer as a major health
problem by preventing cancer, saving lives and diminishing suffering
from cancer, through research, education, advocacy and service. For
information, visit the website or call 1 800 ACS-2345.
CancerCare is a national nonprofit organization providing free professional counseling, educational programs, practical help and financial assistance. A section for Healthcare Professionals offers
free education workshops taught by leading oncology experts.
M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
M. D. Anderson Cancer Center is one of the
nation’s original three Comprehensive Cancer
Centers designated by the National Cancer Act of
1971 and one of the world’s most respected
centers devoted exclusively to cancer patient care,
research, education and prevention. Visit the website's Resources for Professionals for clinical tools and other resources.
Cancer Institute (NCI)
The NCI website is a comprehensive information resource
for patients, health
care providers, and researchers. The NCI is the Federal Government's principal
agency for cancer research. NCI's PDQ® pages on NCIbreast and NCIcervical cancer are intended mainly for use by physicians and other health care
Data Query (PDQ®)
PDQ® is the National Cancer Institute's comprehensive database containing latest information
about cancer treatment, screening, prevention, genetics, supportive care,
clinical trials, and more.
The PDQ® cancer information summaries are peer reviewed and updated monthly.
UptoDate is an evidence-based, physician-authored resource for clinicians. The site features more than 10,000 clinical topics across more than 20 specialties, including more than 9,000 graded treatment recommendations. Many patient-level articles are available to visitors free of charge; full access to professional-level materials is available by subscription only.
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Cancer Fact Sheets - Intercultural Cancer Council
ICC promotes policies, programs, partnerships,
and research to eliminate the unequal burden of cancer among racial
and ethnic minorities and medically underserved
populations in the United
States and its associated territories. The ICC Cancer Fact Sheets provide information about these populations and can be used as stand-alone educational pieces, to raise awareness of disparities in underserved
communities, and as background research on a racial or ethnic population.
NCI Fact Sheets
NCI Fact Sheets address a variety of cancer topics. Fact sheets are frequently updated and revised based on the latest cancer research. Browse the collection by topic, such as cancer type, risk factors, prevention, cancer health disparities, and more.
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ASL (American Sign Language) Cancer Education Program
UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center website offers cancer education videos and webcasts for the deaf and hard of hearing. The award-winning reviews of ASL breast and ASL cervical cancer are designed for patients, and comprised of brief video clips that may be viewed separately on topics such as cancer risk, screening and detection, treatment options, clinical trials, and more. Realplayer is required for viewing the video clips.
Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T.
Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T. is designed to provide you the best information available for making informed decisions about how best to move forward with comprehensive cancer control plans and programs in your community, region, and state. In addition to cancer resources, the portal hosts the Community Guide, developed to help you choose effective programs and policies related to a range of public health issues, including adolescent health, emergency preparedness, health equity, work site issues, and many others. For regular updates on Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T. resources and events, sign up for the free e-newsletter. All content is maintained by the Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences at the National Cancer Institute.
Cancer Patient Education Network
The Cancer Patient Education Network (CPEN) is a group of healthcare professionals who share experiences and best practices in all aspects of cancer patient education. The overall mission of CPEN is to promote and provide models of excellence in patient, family, and community education across the continuum of care. CPEN works in collaboration with the National Cancer Institute's Office of Education and Special Initiatives.
NCI's Cancer Information Service
The National Cancer Institute's Cancer Information Service (CIS) is an essential part of NCI's cancer education and information efforts. Visitors to this website will find scientifically based, unbiased information about cancer research, clinical trials, cancer prevention, risk factors, symptoms, early detection, diagnosis, among other cancer-related topics of interest to patients and their families.
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Medical News and Alerts
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) – MedWatch
MedWatch alerts provide timely new safety information on human drugs, medical devices, vaccines and other biologics, dietary supplements, and cosmetics. The alerts contain actionable information that may impact both treatment and diagnostic choices for healthcare professionals and patients.
Health On the Net Foundation
Health On the Net Foundation (HON) is one of the most respected not-for-profit portals to medical information on the Internet. Browse news summaries on HON breast and HON cervical cancer in addition to 300 other medical topics and themes.
National Cancer Institute (NCI) News
Search NCI News for press releases and other NCI-authored materials on topics of interest related to cancer. The data base covers publications from January 1998 through the present.
OncoLink, provided by Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania,
offers current information to cancer patients, families, health care professionals
and the general public. Search OncoLink's Cancer News page for summary articles on breast and cervical cancer.
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Prevention, Detection, Diagnosis and Treatment
Cancer Society (ACS)
Find answers to questions about ACSbreast and ACScervical cancer, including information about risk factors,
prevention strategies, screening, diagnosis and current treatment options.
and Drug Administration (FDA) - Mammography
A mammography resource from the Food and Drug
Administration, this website is designed to
inform mammography facility personnel, inspectors,
other interested individuals about the implementation of the Mammography
Quality Standards Act of 1992 (MQSA).
Foundation for Women's Cancer
The mission of the Foundation is
to increase awareness and education, support expanded research and training, and provide knowledge and hope for women
diagnosed with cancers specific to them.
National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) National
Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program
(NBCCEDP) provides access to critical breast and cervical
cancer screening services for underserved women in
the United States.
Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN)
The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN), a not-for-profit alliance of 21 of the world’s leading cancer centers, is dedicated to improving the quality and effectiveness of care provided to patients with cancer. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology are frequently updated and available in any area of medicine.
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Professional Associations and Societies
College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG)
Founded in 1951, ACOG has
over 49,000 members and is the nation's leading group
of professionals providing health care for women. ACOG
works primarily to serve as a strong advocate for quality
health care for women, maintain the highest standards
of clinical practice and continuing education for its
members, promote patient education and stimulate
patient understanding of and involvement in medical care,
and increase awareness among its members and the
public of the changing issues facing women's health care.
College of Radiology (ACR)
With more than 30,000 members, ACR is the principal organization
of radiologists, radiation oncologists, and clinical medical physicists
in the US. For over three quarters of a century, the ACR has devoted
its resources to making imaging safe, effective, and accessible to those
who need it.
College of Surgeons (ACS)
The ACS was founded to improve the quality
of care for the surgical patient by setting high standards for surgical
education and practice. The website offers an array of information,
ranging from advocacy and health policy to bioterrorism and unconventional
American Health Quality Association (AHQA)
AHQA represents Quality Improvement Organizations (QIOs) and professionals working to improve health care quality and patient safety.
Joint Committee on Cancer
The AJCC was established in 1959 to formulate and
publish systems of classification of cancer, including
staging and end results reporting. Visit the AJCC website
for TNM-related news and information.
American Society of Breast Surgeons
American Society of Breast Surgeons was formed to encourage the study of breast surgery, to promote research and development of advanced surgery techniques, to improve standards of practice for breast surgery in the United States, and serve as a forum for the exchange of ideas. Membership is open to surgeons with a special interest in breast disease.
Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)
An interactive resource for ASCO members and other professionals involved
in the multidisciplinary care of patients with cancer, this website
features cancer news, policy and practice information, publications,
career development and more.
American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP)
The American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP) is the world’s largest professional membership organization for pathologists and laboratory professionals. The mission of ASCP is to provide excellence in education, certification and advocacy on behalf of patients, pathologists and laboratory professionals across the globe. With more than 100,000 members, the society’s influence has guided the application and evolution of the pathology and laboratory medicine specialty since 1922.
Society of Radiologic Technologists (ASRT)
The mission of the ASRT is to
lead and serve its members, the profession, other health care providers
and the public on all issues that affect the radiologic sciences. Use
the site's search form for informative articles on topics of interest.
College of American Pathologists (CAP)
Formed in 1947, CAP serves patients, pathologists, and the public by fostering and advocating excellence in the practice of pathology and laboratory medicine worldwide.
National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC)
NSGC promotes the professional interests of genetic counselors and provides a network for professional communication. Local and national continuing education opportunities and the discussion of all issues relevant to human genetics and the genetic counseling profession are an integral part of membership in the Society.
Nursing Society (ONS)
ONS provides nurses and healthcare professionals
with access to the quality educational programs, cancer-care resources,
and networks for peer support.
Society of Breast Imaging (SBI)
Founded with the mission of enhancing knowledge, improving the quality
education and fostering research, this website is an opportunity for
the exchange of ideas among professionals involved with breast imaging.
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California Medical Association (CMA)
Founded in 1856, CMA serves more than 37,000 members in all modes of practice and specialties representing the patients of California. CMA is dedicated to serving member physicians through a comprehensive program of legislative, legal, regulatory, economic, and social advocacy. Search CMA News for current articles of of interest to California providers. CMA's Event section posts webinars, conferences, seminars, and other meetings for health care professionals throughout the State.
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CDC Learning Connection
Visit the Centers for Disease Control Learning Connection to locate learning products and resources designed to help the public health community diagnose, manage the symptoms of, educate patients, and address publish health issues. For BCCEDP program directors and staff, there is a web-based training course designed to guide participants through the process of developing a work plan. Clinicians will find excellent learning materials for breast and cervical cancer screening in the Spotlight section of the CDC Learning Connection.
Administered by California’s Department of Health Care Services, Office of Family Planning, Family PACT is California’s innovative approach to provide comprehensive family planning services to eligible low income men and women. Family PACT serves 1.6 million income eligible men and women of childbearing age through a network of 2,400 public and private providers. Services include comprehensive education, assistance, and services relating to family planning. The Provider Training section of the Family PACT website offers previously recorded webcasts on the topics of breast and cervical cancer screening.
Sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), this website
offers resources to help physicians, hospitals, health systems, and other
provider organizations solve problems, improve health care quality, and reduce disparities.
Visitors are invited to find evidence-based innovations and tools, and learn from experts through events and articles.
Public Health Genomics Implementation to Save Lives - From National Vision to State Success (video)
This informative video includes a primary focus on cancer, specifically Lynch syndrome and hereditary breast and ovarian cancer, and includes specific key steps to be taken, the crucial importance of partners, lessons learned, results, and next steps. It is produced in partnership with Genetic Alliance featuring Dr. Muin Khoury of CDC; Dr. Francis Collins, Director of the NIH; Dr. Bob Croyle of NCI, NIH; Deb Duquette of the Michigan Department of Community Health; and other prominent public health and health care provider, payer, and patient leaders.
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United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) Breast Cancer Screening Recommendations
In its 2009 guidelines, the USPSTF recommends that biennial screening mammography begin at age 50 for women at average risk. The decision to start mammography screening before the age of 50 should be an individual one. For older women, the USPSTF maintains that the current evidence is insufficient for assessing the additional benefits of screening mammography in women past age 74.
With regard to clinical breast examination, the USPSTF states that there is insufficient evidence for assessing the additional benefits of clinical breast examination beyond screening mammography in women 40 years or older. The USPSTF recommends against teaching women how to perform breast self-examination (BSE).
American Cancer Society (ACS) Breast Cancer Screening Recommendations
In 2015, the ACS released new guidelines for breast cancer screening for women with average risk. The ACS recommends annual screening mammography between the ages of 45-54 and biennial screening beginning at the age of 55 with the option of continuing to screen annually. In addition, ACS suggests that women should be offered the option of initiating annual screening at the age of 40 and that screening should continue as long as women are in good health with a life expectancy of at least 10 years. The ACS does not recommend clinical breast exam for women of any age.
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Breast Cancer Screening Recommendations
The 2011 ACOG guidelines recommend annual screening mammography for women 40 years and older; beginning at age 75, women should consult with their physicians about continuing mammographic screening. ACOG supports the use of clinical breast exam(CBE) and recommends that women 40 and older have annual CBE, while women ages 20-39 have a CBE every one to three years. ACOG is in favor of considering teaching high-risk women breast self-examination and recommends that all women be taught about breast self-awareness.
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Last updated: November 10, 2015
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